Question: What Is the Best Type of Psychotherapy?
There are many theoretical approaches to psychotherapy, but probably the most effective in the treatment of childhood depression and depression in general is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. This type of therapy focuses upon the role of thinking and belief systems as the root of depression. People with depression have certain characteristic thought patterns, called cognitive distortions
, which give them a skewed perception of the world around them. During therapy, the psychologist works with the patient to help them recognize their dysfunctional thoughts, emotions, and behaviors and to change them to a more realistic perspective. Interpersonal therapy, which focuses on interpersonal relationships and coping with conflict, and family therapy
may also be useful in certain cases.